|Publish Date:||19 Dec 2020|
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Tungurahua, one of South America's most active volcanoes began to erupt again last week. On 16 December, plumes rose as high as 5 km above the crater, which is 135 km south of Quito. On the same day, the Government of Ecuador issued a code orange, which is the second highest emergency level, for towns near the volcano. On 18 December, the volcano shot lava 1 km high and blasted hot rock and gas nearly 3km down its flank. Officials are already preparing shelters and are moving to evacuate people who are in danger. The volcano's eruptions are typically characterized by frequent powerful ash expolsions, and dangerous pyroclastic flowes. In 1999 the volcano awakened again after being dormant several years, and over 25,000 people were evacuated from Baños. In 2006, the most violent explosion occurred and 5 people were killed and roads were damaged from pyroclastic flows on the northwestern and easterm sides of the volcano. The most recent eruption was August 2012 in which over 100 people were evacuated. Sources: Discovery NZ_herald Global_Volcanism Argentina CCTV